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Lymphoma cancer

As the lymphatic system covers the whole of the body, cancer cells can occur anywhere in the lymphatic system, with the lymph nodes being the most common area. Cancer cells in the lymph nodes can spread through the lymphatic system to lymph nodes elsewhere. Lymphoma cells can also spread to other organs in the body via the bloodstream.

There are different types of lymphoma, but the main two are:

  • Hodgkin lymphoma - begin in almost any part of the body, but it usually starts in the lymph nodes
  • non-Hodgkin lymphoma – occurs in the blood cells when they become abnormal. The most common place for this to happen is in the lymph nodes.

These types of lymphoma are different due to how the cells behave, which means they will need to be treated differently to one another.

Rutherford Treatment Options

  • Proton Beam Therapy Available
  • Radiotherapy Available
  • Chemotherapy Available
  • Immunotherapy Available


Symptoms caused by lymphoma can depend on where in the body it is situated and the rate at which it is growing. Some people may have symptoms, whereas others may not experience any. The most common symptom is a lump, usually in the neck, armpit or groin.

Here are some common symptoms that may be experienced:

  • Sweating – especially at night
  • High body temperatures
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Tiredness
  • Breathlessness or coughing
  • Persistent itching (all over the body)
  • In rare cases, people with Hodgkin lymphoma may experience pain in the affected lymph node when drinking alcohol

If you’d like to speak to us about any of the treatments we offer
please don’t hesitate to get in touch. Call us on 0800 210 0402 or

Lymphoma cancer diagnosis

If your GP thinks you’re experiencing symptoms as a result of a lump that is consistent with the symptoms of lymphoma, they will arrange for you to have a physical examination and may send you to a specialist for further diagnostics scans and tests. The earlier a diagnosis is made, the better the outcome of treatment will be.

Ways lymphoma cancer can be diagnosed:

  • A physical examination carried out by a specialist doctor
  • Scans such as x-ray, CT, PET, MRI or Ultrasound
  • Blood tests
  • A biopsy – taking and testing a tissue sample from the body
  • Bone marrow test or lumbar puncture
MRI Diagnosis

Treating Lymphoma cancer with proton beam therapy

Different types of lymphoma will need to be treated; differently, an oncologist will be able to discuss with you if your type of lymphoma will benefit from proton beam therapy. Proton beam therapy can be used to treat lymphoma, usually before or after surgery, or following chemotherapy. The aim of the using proton beam therapy will be to shrink a tumour before removal, or after surgery, to kill any remaining local cancer cells that may have been left behind.

Reoccurring Tumours
If a tumour has grown back, which has previously been treated with conventional radiotherapy, then this area of the body wouldn’t usually be able to withstand further conventional radiation. In these cases, proton beam therapy can be an effective way to treat these types of tumours, due to the low side effects and its ability to precisely target the treatment area.

The benefits of using proton beam therapy treatment for Lymphoma cancer

As lymphoma can occur anywhere in the body, there may be situations where it is located near vital organs and other sensitive tissue.

Proton beam therapy can be an effective treatment choice, as it will precisely target the cancer cells, while delivering very minimal dose to any sensitive surrounding areas of the body. These sensitive areas of the body may include:

  • Brain
  • Breast
  • Groin
  • Neck
  • Oesophagus
  • Reproductive system
  • Spine

An overview of how proton beam therapy works

Proton beam therapy is highly accurate in targeting a treatment area. It can be used to treat hard-to-reach tumours, while lowering radiation exposure to surrounding healthy tissue and vital organs.

Watch the video

Other treatment options for lymphoma cancer

There are other treatment options that can be used to treat lymphoma cancer, either before, after or alongside proton beam therapy. Please see other treatment options available at the Rutherford Cancer Centres below:







Further information & support

Being diagnosed with lymphoma cancer and deciding on the best treatment can be daunting, for full details on lymphoma treatment options or to discuss a diagnosis, please contact our enquiries team. Our enquiries team will endeavour to help you assess your treatment options and advise which consultants could be best placed to plan your treatment pathway.

Macmillan Cancer Support offers a wide range of information and support, as well as help with your practical, emotional, and financial needs. All telephone helplines are free and confidential, and interpreting services are also available.

Freephone: 0808 808 00 00

(Monday to Friday, 9.00am – 8.00pm)

Website: www.macmillan.org.uk

Get in Touch

If you'd like to speak to us about any of the treatments we offer please don’t hesitate to get in touch. Call us on 0800 210 0402 or

Our Trusted Healthcare Partners