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Vaginal cancer

Vaginal cancer is very rare, with fewer than 300 women diagnosed in the UK each year. When referring to vaginal cancer, it concerns areas of the opening of the vagina, up to where the cervix starts.

There are different types of vaginal cancer, but the most common are:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma – the most common of vaginal cancers, it occurs in the squamous cells in the lining of the vagina

Rare types of vulval cancer:

  • Adenocarcinoma - develops from cells in the glands of the vulval
  • Small cell carcinoma – are extremely rare
  • Sarcoma – develops in the muscle tissue, blood or fat vessels
  • Melanoma – develops from the pigment producing cells that give your skin its colour, only 3% of vaginal cancers are melanomas
  • Lymphoma – lymphoma cells that can spread to the vagina via the bloodstream

Rutherford Treatment Options

  • Proton Beam Therapy Available
  • Radiotherapy Available
  • Chemotherapy Available
  • Immunotherapy Available


  • Bleeding after the menopause (most common symptom)
  • Bleeding after the menopause, between periods or after sex
  • Bleeding in between periods or heavier periods than usual
  • Blood-stained vaginal discharge
  • Bloody or pink and watery vaginal discharge


  • Constipation
  • Feeling the need to empty the bowel, even though you’ve just been
  • Pain when urinating, needing to pee often, or blood in your pee
  • Pelvic pain
  • Swollen legs

If you’d like to speak to us about any of the treatments we offer
please don’t hesitate to get in touch. Call us on 0800 210 0402 or

Further information & support

Being diagnosed with vaginal cancer and deciding on the best treatment can be daunting, for full details on vaginal treatment options or to discuss a diagnosis, please contact our enquiries team. Our enquiries team will endeavour to help you assess your treatment options and advise which consultants could be best placed to plan your treatment pathway.

Macmillan Cancer Support offers a wide range of information and support, as well as help with your practical, emotional, and financial needs. All telephone helplines are free and confidential, and interpreting services are also available.

Freephone: 0808 808 00 00

(Monday to Friday, 9.00am – 8.00pm)

Website: www.macmillan.org.uk



Get in Touch

If you'd like to speak to us about any of the treatments we offer please don’t hesitate to get in touch. Call us on 0800 210 0402 or

Our Trusted Healthcare Partners